Infant Mortality Rate In USA

Infant Mortality Rate Of United States

Infant Mortality Rate is a problematic issue in most countries in the world including the United States. Infant Mortality Rate refers to the death of an infant before his or her first birthday.

Also, the Infant mortality rate refers to the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. When there is a high infant mortality rate, it poses a threat to the population growth of a country which has an adverse effect as well.

Over the years there has been a drastic drop in Infant Mortality Rate in the USA, but it still raises an eyebrow and a course of concern.

Therefore, we are concerned with the Infant Mortality Rate in USA 2020 and all detailed information you need to know.

In our quest to bring you most informative information and updates, here are our researched questions that we notice most readers are always inquisitive to know.

So keep reading to find out more about infant mortality rate in the USA.

Infant Mortality Rate Of United States 2022

The infant mortality rate in the United States has decreased over the past few decades, reaching a low of 5.7 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2017.

The most common causes of infant death in the United States are congenital malformations, low birth rate, maternal complications, and sudden infant death syndrome.

In 2017, congenital disabilities were responsible for infant mortality of 119 per 100,000 live births. The objective of the United States is to reduce the rate of all infant deaths.

Infant Mortality Rate 5.44 per 1,000 Births

We take a quick peek at the rate of infant mortality death between male infants and female infants. The detail is available below.

Female 81 Per 1,000 Births

Male 04 Per 1,000 Births

Infant Mortality Rate in the USA when compared between males and females from the above tabulation, shows vividly that male infant mortality is on a high. I know you might be wondering why it is so, we are both on the same page.

Infant Mortality by Age Distribution 2022

S/N Age Distribution of Mothers Infant Mortality Rate

1. Age 15-19 8.3

2. Age 20-24 6.9

3. Age 25-29 5.6

4. Age 30-34 4.8

5. Age 35-39 5.3

6. Age 40-44 7.4

Note: base on deaths per 1,000 live births

S/N State Infant Mortality Rate

1. New Hampshire 3 .9

2. Vermont 3 .9

3. Massachusetts 4 .1

4. California 4 .3

5. New Jersey 4 .4

6. New York 4 .5

7. Washington 4 .6

8. Colorado 4 .7

9. Oregon 4 .9

10. Wyoming 5

11. Iowa 5.1

12. Minnesota 5.1

13. Utah 5.2

14. Connecticut 5.2

15. Idaho 5.4

16. Arizona 5.4

17. Nevada 5.5

18. New Mexico 5.6

19. Rhode Island 5.7

20. Texas 5 .7

21. Montana 5 .9

22. Kansas 5 .9

23. Virginia 5 .9

24. Wisconsin 5.9

25. Hawaii 6

26. Nebraska 6

27. Alaska 6.3

28. Pennsylvania 6.1

29. South Dakota 6.1

30. Illinois 6.2

31. Maine 6.2

32. Florida 6.2

33. Michigan 6.5

34. Missouri 6.5

35. Maryland 6.6

36. Kentucky 6.7

37. North Dakota 6.8

38. South Carolina 7

39. Tennessee 7.2

40. West Virginia 7.2

41. Ohio 7.3

42. North Carolina 7.3

43. Indiana 7.4

44. Oklahoma 7.4

45. Georgia 7.6

46. Arkansas 7.8

47. Louisiana 7.8

48. Delaware 7.8

49. Alabama 8.7

50. Mississippi 8.9

Note: base on Per 1,000 Births

The state of Mississippi with 8.9 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2018 had the highest infant mortality rate in the United States; Infant mortality is the death of an infant before the age of one.

Us Infant Mortality Rate HAS REDUCED OVER TIME

Causes of Infant Mortality

There are various causes of infant mortality, ranging from infection to congenital disabilities or accidents. The major causes of Infant Mortality in the United States is not the same as the leading causes of infant death around the world.

Over 22,000 infants died in the United States. Rates and causes of infant mortality are different depending on the country and region.

The leading causes of death among children aged 1 to 59 months are pneumonia, diarrhea, and injury.

Other five leading causes of infant death in 2020 were:

Congenital disabilities or complications:

A congenital disability is any medical condition that occurs with a baby while it is as yet developing in the womb. Congenital disabilities are common, and they regularly create amid the first three months of pregnancy.

A congenital disability is usually a basic issue, and in certain infants, it is easy to see and similar to a congenital fissure. In other infants, it might be an internal or sensory issue and not quickly evident, such as a heart deformity.

A few other defects are mild, and either can be redressed or won’t affect an infant’s life to a high degree.

Others are severe, and some can be so serious as to make the die. On the other hand Complication of labor and delivery may fluctuate from too much bleeding to asphyxia or premature labor.

Issues of child delivery can frequently be averted, or they can be significantly maintained by performing the delivery of infants by a Cesarean section.

Complications can endanger both the mother and infant and can conceivably result in permanent birth injury in the baby, or even the demise of the mother, the infant, or both.

Preterm birth:

A healthy pregnancy lasts up to 40 weeks. Preterm birth, otherwise called premature birth, is the delivery of a child at less than 37 weeks’ gestational age.

Even though the definite reason for preterm labor is obscure in many cases, one noteworthy reason is an untimely burst of membranes (breaking of the amniotic sac).

Other related components include Preeclampsia (hypertension of pregnancy, which expands the danger of preterm delivery).

Low birth weight:

Low birth weight is a term used to depict babies who are born weighing under 2,500 grams (5 pounds, 8 ounces). Conversely, the healthy infant weighs around 8 pounds.

More than 8% of every single infant in the United States have low birth weight.


Sepsis refers to the complication of a severe infection. At the point when the immune system battles the disease, sepsis sees the body go excessively far and begin to attack organs and different tissues of the body.

When it happens in pregnant ladies or inside about a month and a half after delivery, it’s called maternal or postpartum sepsis.

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS):

Sudden Infant death disorder (SIDS) is where a newborn child dies during their sleep with no reason or cause. Nobody is yet to make sense of what causes this illness.

Even though researchers don’t know what causes this sickness, they have found that it is more advantageous for infants to lie on their backs rather than their stomachs.

This disclosure has helped numerous families from the catastrophe that this illness causes.

However, the causes of the Infant Mortality Rate in the United States have changed to some extent over the past several decades.

In 1980, congenital disabilities, SIDS, preterm birth/low birth weight, and pregnancy complications were among the top five leading causes of infant mortality death, even up to now.

In the same vein, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), instead of accidents, has also climbed to join the top-five list. Therefore, with the recent development of RDS treatments, deaths from this cause have declined significantly.

Overall, the Infant Mortality rate in the United States has dropped drastically during the last several decades. The reason has been that; there has been advanced treatment and countermeasures to tackle the condition.

Classification of Infant Mortality United States America

The rate for a given region is the number of infants passing on under one year of age, divided by the number of live births amid the year, duplicated by 1,000.

Perinatal Mortality:

this refers to late fetal death (22 weeks of gestation to birth), or destruction of an infant up to one week postpartum.

Neonatal Mortality:

refers to the infant passing on which occurs within 28 days postpartum. Neonatal mortality is frequently attributed to the lack of access to primary medical care, amid pregnancy and after delivery. This records for 40– 60% of infant mortality in developing nations.

Postneonatal Mortality:

Refers to the death of infants that are matured up to 29 days to one year. The real causes of postneonatal death are hunger, infectious disease, troubled pregnancy, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and issues with the home condition.

Conclusion on Infant Mortality Rate in USA

Having perused through this piece of informative writing, you are now knowledgeable about Infant Mortality Rate in the USA.

Notwithstanding giving us critical data about maternal and infant wellbeing, the infant mortality rate is a significant marker of the general health society.

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